Pediatric nursing is a branch of medical science that deals with the child care and scientific treatment of childhood and care of children from conception to adolescence in health care. Pediatric nursing also plays a special role in the lives of young people, both sick and healthy. Pediatric nurses can perform physical examinations, measure vital signs, take blood and urine samples and order diagnostic tests. Nurses with advanced training can interpret test results to form diagnoses and develop treatment plans. In addition to caring for pediatrics with injuries and illnesses, pediatric nurses also spend a significant amount of time educating parents and other caregivers about how to care for their children and protect children’s health. For families of children with chronic conditions, such as juvenile diabetes or paralysis, they design home care plans to help the families meet their child’s special needs. Pediatric nursing is a very special vocation because it provides the opportunity to play a key role in a child’s life when that child needs you most.