Reflections on Forensic NursingName : Virginia A. Lynch
Affliation : Founder of Forensic Nursing
University : University of Colorado Springs
Country : Saudi Arabia
Abstract: The multicultural world population—and its increasing number of immigrants and refugees—requires forensic cultural competence, particularly in the aftermath of catastrophic trauma and death. As a member of a holistic discipline, the forensic nurse clinician has a responsibility to recognize the relevance of cultural diversity and inclusion and the application of psychosocial and transcultural nursing skills, which encompass body, mind, spirit, and the law. The holistic investigation of fatal and nonfatal trauma presents unique challenges beyond the immediate treatment environment, extending to the many subsequent humanitarian needs associated with human catastrophe. In 1990, the healthcare community was told that 10%–30% of our patient populations were survivors of physical, sexual, and emotional torture sanctioned by radical governments and terrorist regimes during the previous era of violence (Jacobsen & Vesti, 1990). During the past 25 years, this category of forensic patients has exponentially increased; consider the current numbers of displaced and relocated individuals and family members admitted to hospitals and clinics and the medicolegal deaths in North America and other regions. Despite its importance, the need for forensic intervention may go unrecognized during times of urgent care involving multiple trauma patient situations or mass casualties. The persons affected may be survivors of a devastating earthquake or hurricane, terrorist bombing, or political protest. Victims of human rights violations in their country of origin may express fragility, vulnerability, or fear at the sensitive assessment and examination or photodocumentation of their bodily injuries. The FNDI must be prepared to experience the emotional reactions of family members when making notification of death. Competent forensic nursing skills, including patient advocacy and empowerment, are shown by respecting the forensic patient and his or her family's social, cultural, and spiritual beliefs as well as administrative, legislative, and judicial issues surrounding patient care.
Biography: Virginia A. Lynch has served the forensic science profession for more than 30 years and is recognized as the founder of forensic nursing as a scientific discipline. She is regarded as one of the world’s leading pioneer in the science of forensic nursing. He currently serves as an independent scholar and consulting scientist at universities, colleges and hospitals the in Washington, DC, where he has been employed for over four decades.
Since 1982, she has served as a consultant in forensic health care and as an expert witness, reporting on more than 960 cases and testifying in numerous legal proceedings. He is a professorial lecturer at The George Washington University, Washington DC, and is an adjunct professor with the Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich. He has published extensively in the general field of human skeletal biology with an emphasis on forensic applications. He has served on the editorial boards of numerous leading scientific publications, including the Journal of Forensic Sciences; International Journal of Legal Medicine; Human Evolution; Homo, Journal of Comparative Human Biology; Anthropologie, International Journal of the Science of Man; Forensic Science Communications; Human Evolution; and Global Bioethics.