Evaluation of the Effect of Emla Cream in Reducing The Pain of Intravenous Cannulation In Premature NewbornsName : Dr. Magfiret Kara
Affliation : Professor
University : University of Atatürk
Country : Turkey
This study was carried out to measure the effects of the “emla cream” in reducing pain while administering intravenous cannula process amongst premature newborns.
Material and Method:
Data was gathered between September 2011 and March. The study was carried out on 80 premature newborns, half were placed in a controlled group and the other half in an experimental group. Information Forms?, Monitoring Forms? and „Premature Infant Pain Profile Forms? were used in gathering data. The “Emla cream” was administered to the experimental group half an hour before carrying out the intravenous cannula process. The premature newborns in the controlled group were only given routine nursing interventions. Application video recordings were evaluated according to the same criteria by four independent experts. In doing so coefficiency scores of both groups were calculated. Percentage chi square, average and test were applied in evaluating the data.
The pain score of the experimental group compared to the control group was found to be significantly lower ( p<0.05).
The findings showed that the application of the Emla Cream? before administering an intravenous cannula is an effective method in reducing pain in premature newborns.
Dr. Magfiret Kara obtained her PhD from University of Istanbul. Currently, she is a professor at the Faculty of Nursing in the University of Atatürk. Her research interests include care of chronic illness, nursing education, nursing ethics and nursing theories. Dr. Magfiret Kara has published numerous publications in reputed journals as well as national and international presentations. She is involved in several research projects and a reviewer in many nursing journals.