EXPOSURE TO SECOND-HAND SMOKE AMONG CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE PATIENTS IN JORDANName : Dr. Nesrin Nayef Abu Baker
Affliation : Associate Professor
University : Jordan University
Country : Jordan
Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) is a serious health hazard, which causes many of the same tobacco-related diseases. It is considered as one of the most modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), which may lead to many fatal complications.
(1) To assess the extent of second-hand exposure among patients who are diagnosed with coronary artery disease at home, workplace, transportation, and public places, in terms of duration of exposure, the number of smoked cigarettes, and the number of surrounding smokers. (2) To explore the association between personal and demographic factors and SHS exposure. (3) To investigate the relationship between exposure to SHS and CAD related factors (4) To assess the perception of patients who are diagnosed with CAD, toward their exposure to SHS.
A cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used. A convenient sample of 400 CAD patients were recruited from three hospitals. A structured questionnaire was distributed.
The highest percentage of participants were exposed to SHS in the public places with 82.3%, while the lowest exposure was in the workplace with 14.8%. Being male, employed, having older age, higher education, and more duration of CAD diagnosis were significant predictors of exposure to SHS. A significant relationship was found between exposure to SHS and CAD complications, age at diagnosis with CAD, and duration of diagnosis with CAD. In addition, most of the participants perceived their exposure to SHS as moderate exposure, 34.5% of them perceived exposure to SHS as moderate harm to their health.
Exposure to SHS was relatively high among CAD patients with a low level of awareness. Therefore, it is essential to focus on building strategies to educate the community about the harmful effects of exposure to SHS and to increase awareness about it.
Dr. Nesrin N. Abu-Baker Is An Associate Professor, Department Of Community & Mental Health Nursing, Jordan University Of Science And Technology. She Teaches Graduate And Undergraduate Courses At The Faculty Of Nursing. She Received Her BSN From Jordan University Of Science And Technology, Her MSN And Ph.D. In Community Health Nursing From University Of Cincinnati, USA. She Has Publications Related To Public Health And Women’s Health And She Attended Many Workshops And International Conferences. She Supervised Many Master Theses And Conducted Funded Research In Collaboration With Multidisciplinary Team Members. She Is A Member Of Sigma, Global Nursing Excellence, Psi Kappa Chapter, Jordan.